Figure 1. Joint Research Presentation in Indonesia Defense University Hall, 27 August 2018.
Indonesia Defense University (IDU), Purnomo Yusgiantoro Center (PYC), and International Power Supply (IPS) Bulgaria held a joint research presentation and discussion on August 27, 2018 at the IDU Hall. The event was an implementation of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between IDU and UPS as well as the cooperation charter of IDU and PYC. The theme was “the Benefits of Implementing Solar Home Systems (SHS) in Sorong, West Papua, Indonesia”. The speakers of the event were Alex Rengelov (Chief Executive Officer of IPS Bulgaria) and Colonel (Navy) Dr. Yanif Dwi Kuntjoro, M.Si (Secretary of Energy Security Study Program). Additionally, Dr. Rudy Laksmono MT (Energy Security Lecturer) was the moderator for the discussion.
The presentation was attended by 35 people from various institutions, such as the Headquarters of the Indonesian Army, Indonesian Navy, Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Republic of Indonesia, Representative of Defense Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia, R & D Agency of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Indonesia, State of Cyber and Code Agency of the Republic of Indonesia, Community Research and Development of the IDU, lecturers, and IDU students.
The Dean of the Defense Management of IDU, Rear Admiral Sulistiyanto, S.E., M.M., M.Sc., P.S.C., opened the event. In his speech, the Dean mentioned the activity was the follow-up program of the MoU and Cooperation Charter which were signed and agreed upon by the parties. In addition, the event was also the implementation of “Tri Dharma Perguruan Tinggi” for IDU, especially for the Energy Security Study Program.
The event was the first step prior to the field research of the electrification program in Sorong, West Papua. For additional information, the location of the field research has been determined. Marine Forces Base 3 of Sorong will be the alternative location for the research activity. This option is in line with the Presidential Decree of the Republic of Indonesia number 12 of 2012 concerning the establishment of the 3rd Infantry Division of the Strategic Reserve Command of the Indonesian Army, The III Fleet Command, The Air Force Operations Command III and Marine Forces Base 3.
Figure 2. From left to right: Colonel (Navy) Dr. Yanif Dwi Kuntjoro, M.Si, Dr. Rudy Laksmono, MT and Alexander Rangelov were answering the question from participants.
Colonel (Navy) Dr. Yanif Dwi Kuntjoro, M.Si., as the leader of the team of joint research, explained that the territory of Indonesia has enormous potential for renewable energy, especially in the eastern region. In this region, there is a potential resource of solar energy, so that it can be exploited to reduce dependency on fossil energy. He added that national electrification ratio (ER) reached 95.35 % in 2017, but for some regions, it is still lacking. For example in Sorong West Papua (ER 61.42%) and Atambua, East Nusa Tenggara (ER 59.85%). In this joint research, a study will be conducted for the Solar Home System (SHS) pilot project installation in Sorong West Papua.
Alexander Rangelov pointed SHS is an independent solar power system, which can be combined with backup energy sources such as PLN (State Electricity Company). He said that IPS Bulgaria develops hybrid and off-grid power systems technology. According to him, IPS Bulgaria has experienced in R & D and manufacturing of energy conversion technologies, especially in solar technology. IPS’s technology is very suitable to archipelago state as Indonesia. The technology, better known as EXERON, has a cloud monitoring system that is useful for monitoring the condition of solar PV and batteries as well as the system performance from anywhere around the world.
For the military base project in remote areas, IPS was experienced in the Paraguayan country. Previously, the military base only used diesel generators as a source of energy generation. Then, by EXERON technology, the energy consumption of the military base Paraguay was more effective and efficient using solar energy. For the joint research in Indonesia, IPS and collaborative partners chose the military base area in Sorong, West Papua. He hopes that EXERON technology provides benefits, and is able to improve the efficiency of energy use at the military base in Sorong.